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International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science

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Simulation of 8257 Direct Memory Access Controller (DMA) Using VHDL( Vol-1,Issue-1,November 2015 )

Author(s):

Vinod Kataria, Rajesh Kr. Saini

Keywords:

DMA controller, 8257, CPU, cycle stealing

Abstract:

The 8257 is a 4-channel direct memory access (DMA) controller. It is specifically designed to simplify the transfer of data at high speeds for the microcomputer systems. Its primary function is to generate, upon a peripheral request, a sequential memory address which will allow the peripheral to read or write data directly to or from memory. Acquisition of the system bus in accomplished via the CPU’s holds function or via cycle stealing function. It maintains the DMA cycle count for each channel and outputs a control signal for simplified sectored data transfers.8257 significantly simplifies the transfer of data at high speed between peripherals and memories. This work has been taken up to optimize and reduce area of DMA controller.

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