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Reviewing on the effect of hydrocarbon contamination on the angle of internal friction of soil ( Vol-2,Issue-4,July 2016 )


Arashk Sabzipour Hafshejani, Alborz Hajiannia


Hydrocarbon contaminations, Crude oil, Strength & geotechnical properties, Angle of internal friction.


In recent years, Hydrocarbon contaminations have been made more effects on its surroundings environments specifically on soil environment. Among of these contaminations due to the crude oil have been performed a respective share in this range. In fact, oil contaminations have been affected not only on the chemical properties of soils, but also on the strength & geotechnical features of soils such as, on cohesion, maximum dry density, optimum moisture, permeability and other relative parameters especially on the angle of internal friction of soils. So far numerous researches have been done regarding the influencing the strength properties of soils specifically on the angle of internal friction. (Due to oil contamination) In this research is to consider & review several last researches and experiments regarding the changes of the angle of internal friction of soils. (With the presence of oil contaminations & its behavior during different percentages of hydrocarbon contamination) In general, the results of the accomplished studies in this field have been showed the reduction of the angle of internal friction contents (under the condition of oil contamination), but with regard to the type of porous environment & the study soil and as well as the chemical properties of hydrocarbon contaminations, the behavior was been different and often in some cases has been caused the addition of the angle of internal friction.

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