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International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science

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Effect of Environmental Variables on Photovoltaic Performance-Based on Experimental Studies( Vol-2,Issue-5,September 2016 )

Author(s):

Hussein A Kazem, Miqdam T Chaichan

Keywords:

Air movement, back panel temperature, climate condition, dust accumulation, photovoltaic, relative humidity.

Abstract:

This paper investigated the effect of environment variables on Photovoltaic PV performance. It is surely understood that local climate can dramatically affect the power generation from a PV system. The most obvious components are the solar radiation hitting the panels, air temperature, humidity and wind speed. The local climatic conditions and precipitation influence the extent to which the panels get to be dusty or polluted, which affects the electrical power generation. The high air temperature caused a reduction in the PV panel output power rated from 1.85 to 20.22%, as well as, increased relative humidity where the largest decline recorded was 32.24%. The wind has a cooling effect on the PV panel that limits the power reduction due to increased solar radiation or panel back temperature. Besides, the wind blows away the accumulated dust that enhances the resulted PV panel power.

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